History – Present – Targets (2004/05) – PART II

2.4. Education

2.4.1 Primary schools

Mwanza City has a total of 155 Primary Schools, out of which 139 are Government owned and 16 are private owned. It has 1,552 primary teachers of whom 1,310 are teaching Primary Government schools and 242 are teaching Private primary schools. There are 94,530 pupils of whom 90,355 are studying at Government schools and 4,175 are studying at Private schools.

2.4.2  Nursery Schools

Mwanza City has got 203 nursery schools of which 79 are registered and 124 are not yet registered. Private people owns 40 nursery schools and the government owns 39

2.4.3 Adult Education

There are 158 centers for Adult education in the city. 87 of them are operating while 71 are not operating. Total adults enrolled are 221,510 of which 106,418 are male and 115,092 are female. Those who can read and write are 211,330 are of which 102,432 are male and 108,898 are female, and those who can not read and write are 10,665 in which 3,986 are male and 6,194 are female. Out of those who can not read and write, 6,313 (2,250 male and 4,063 female) are enrolled for repetition and 3,867 (1,736 male and 2,131 female) not yet enrolled.

2.4.4 Secondary schools

Mwanza City has a total of 20 Secondary Schools, out of which 10 are Government owned and 8 are private owned. It has 300 teachers of whom 165 are teaching Government schools and 135 are teaching Private schools. There are 6285 students of whom 2412 are studying at Government schools and 3873 are studying at Private schools.

2.5 Industries

There are about 60 different type of industries in Mwanza: Fish processing (6); cotton seed oil industries (6); Breweries (1), soft drink factory (1) Bakeries & Biscuits ( 100); medium & small milling machines; timber industries; garages; fabricating workshops; ginneries; foam & plastic industries; soap factories; quarry sites & animal food industries. This number is expected to increase due to the Government’s efforts to build good roads and the rapid growth of the information Technology sector.

2.5.1 Fish Industries:
Most of the six fish industries that are present in Mwanza today have been established in the 1990s.These include Mwanza Fishing, Nile Perch, TFP, Vic Fish, Tan Perch and Omega.

The industrial areas in Mwanza are Mwanza South, Igogo, Nyakato, Ilemela & Mkuyuni. Areas earmarked for future Industrial expansion: are Igoma (Eastern Corridor), Mkolani (Southern corridor) and Mhonze/Igombe (Northern corridor). Fish trade is the mainstay of the Lake Region’s Economy.

2.5.2 Other medium size Industries

These include Mwatex ( East Africa’s second biggest textile mill); – Nyanza Bottling; -Tanzania oxygen LTD; -Nyakato Steel Mills.

Fishing: Fishing in Lake Victoria has a long historical background. However, the introduction of Nile perch or lattes niloticus to the Lake has changed both the social and economic nature of the sector. Today fishing is done mainly for commercial purposes, contrary to the traditional fishing which focused to household consumptions.

Nile perch first appeared in Lake Victoria in the late 1950s. The fish is locally known as Mbuta or Sangara. Fishery experts say it can grow to two metres in length and weigh 200 kg.

The decline of cotton production, after the decline of the crop’s price on the world market and the death of co- operative societies in Mwanza in early 1990s, had changed the social economic development of the region. The emergence of the Nile Perch trade has created new opportunities for development in the region.

According to available statistics from the fish processing plants in Mwanza and Musoma towns, the fish industry has created direct employment for over 8,000 locals and outsiders and indirectly employed about 300,000 others.

At the same time, an estimated three million people living around Lake Victoria in Mwanza,Mara and Kagera regions have been also benefiting from the Nile perch trade ( popularly known as marine gold) in one way or another, causing the rapid growth of social and economic activities in the region.

There are also about 52,000 fishermen on the Tanzanian side of Lake Victoria who benefit directly from Nile perch. Sources indicate that in 1999/2000, local fishermen earned Tsh 182 million ( $ 182,000) daily from selling their catch to the fish processing plants.

It is also estimated that local fishermen earn about Tsh 65.5 billion ($ 65.5 million) annually from the sale of Nile perch to 12 fish processing plants that have sprung up around the lake. There are chances that, these earnings may rise by 40 per cent depending on market prices and the availability of the fish (Nile perch) from the Lake.

Trade in the fish contributes about Tshs 1.7 billion ($ 1.7 Million) annually in levies to the Mwanza City Council alone.
According to the 2001 economic development report issued by the Regional commissioner, Mwanza City Council received about Tshs 1.3 billion ($1.3 million) in fish levy from the sale of fresh Nile perch processed by the fish plants between April and December 2001.
Earnings for the central government in taxes and royalty from exportation of Nile perch fillets were estimated at Tshs 10 billion ($ 10 million) annually.Tanzania produces about 220,000 tones of fresh and frozen fillets for export annually worth Tshs 77 billion ($77 million). About 80 per cent of the total production of Nile perch fillets are exported to Europe, while the rest is sold to the Asian market.

NOTE: Per Capital Income
The per capital income of Mwanza residents stands at an average is US $21 per month.

2.6 Forestry

2.6.1 Timber Industries
Mwanza city center has about 14 timber industries, which produces timbers of different sizes. The timber processed includes pines, mininga and mitundu from outside Mwanza City. About 4346.8 cubic meter of timbers are processed yearly in Nyamagana and Ilemela Districts. The actual demands of timber in both Districts are 7,459.6 cubic meters of which Nyamagana District demands only 2,600.8 cubic meters and Ilemela District requires 4,858.8 cubic meters of timbers. There are 43-employed causals laborers. There are also about 57 Businessmen who are dealing with timber selling in the city.

2.6.2 Natural forests (Ngitiri)The City has a land area coverage of 12,860 hectare remarked for natural forest, of which Nyamagana District processes 4,610 Hectares of land and Ilemela District processes 8,250 hectare of land.
Number of trees planted in both Nyamagana and Ilemela Districts are 27,676,000 trees, of which Nyamagana District has 9,298,000 trees and Ilemela District has18,378,000 trees.

2.6.3 Other forest products
Apart from timbers, forests provide charcoal, wax, honey, firewood, fruits, roots and leaves. These products provides energy, food, medicine and raw materials.

2.6.4  Bee keeping
Mwanza City has 9 bee keeping projects located at 9 villages. The beekeepers use local modern and drum hives to produce bee products. There are 27 local hives, 44 modern hives and 38 drum hives. Bee keeping products includes honey, wax, royal jelly, pollen and propols. Part of the produces is sold in Mara and Kagera region in Tanzania and exported in Kenya and Uganda.

2.7 Livestock

Livestock available in Mwanza City includes; Goats, sheep, cows, pigs, hens’ indigenous bread, Broilers, jayerns and donkeys. Most of the urban-based wards are practicing poultry farming and zero grazing livestock keeping. The city is enjoying livestock products such as milk, eggs, cattle meat and skins. There are 1,420 milked cows at Nyamagana District and 2,359 at Ilemela. Liters of milk produced at Nyamagana District are 340,800 of which 272,640 liters are sold. Ilemela District produces 566,160 liters of milk and sold 452,928 liters. Processed milk (both fresh and yogurt) for the whole city is 1,770 liters and is sold at a price of Tshs 500/= per liter
Eggs production at Nyamagana District estimated at 225,000trays and for Ilemela District eggs production is estimated at 223,200 trays of eggs a year respectively.
Nyamagana District produces 1,814 PCs cattle Hides and skins while Ilemela District produces 14 PCs of cattle hides and skins
There are 386 trained livestock keepers at Nyamagana District and 559 at Ilemela District
The livestock facilities available in Nyamagana and Ilemela Districts include 7 cattle dips. These are used to wash and control livestock east -coast fever disease. The location of cattle dips are as follows:-
Nyamagana District: – 1 cattle dip located at Lwanhima in Buhongwa ward,
Ilemela District: – 6 cattle dips located at Igumamoyo, Sangabuye, Nyamwilolelwa, Igombe ,Nyamongholo and Buswelu villages. All these cattle dips are under rehabilitation process.

Problems facing Livestock keepers

  • Inadequate skills and knowledge on improved livestock keeping
  • Inadequate supplies of livestock antibiotics and acracides
  • Insufficient Veterinery Doctors
  • Lack of working cattle dips
  • Inadequate market for livestock products

Future Prospects Plans

  • Training livestock keepers on improved livestock keeping.
  • Provision of mobile livestock treatment
  • Facilitating the building of cattle and poultry shelters.
  • Coordinating and supervise the construction of shallow wells.
  • Rehabilitation and Construction of new cattle dips especially in Ilemela District.


2.6 Tourism

Mwanza is one of the unique destinations on the Tanzania that has yet to be discovered by many. It is a land of much wonder hobbling an unparalleled diversity of Fauna, Flora and many natural features. The wonders of rocks, the scenery, topography and very friendly people harbor the growth of excellent cultural tourism beach holidays, game hunting, infrastructure ventures, historical and archaeological ventures- and certainly the best wildlife photographic safaris on the continent. The tourism industry (if at all is properly managed provides excellent investment opportunities in construction and management of hotels. Lodges and restaurants, infrastructure ventures aviation projects, training institutions, tour operations, travel agencies and marketing organization.

According to the national industry’s mission statement that forms the basis of the tourism policy is to develop sustainable quality tourism that is ecologically friendly to the conservation and restoration of the environment and its people’s culture. In so doing the industry seeks to maximize the net gains that emanate from the various tourism activities. It is for this reason that the government is now highly concerned with the improvement of the infrastructure quality and diversity, ease of destination entry formalities, relaxation of foreign exchange regulations and controls, revision of applicable taxes and maintenance of peace, stability and security. As a stimulant, the private sector is increasingly investing in the various tourist plants, improvement of destination access from major sources and within marketing promotion and training of the human resource. Off-course the government has a lot to do in Mwanza so as to stimulates more tourists and investors in the tourist industry.

2.6.1 Tourist Attractions In Mwanza

  • The Bujora Museum is where Sukuma , cultural history is preserved
  • The lake itself and naturally arranged rocks set on top of each other.
  • It is an historical place where the earliest 18th century explores visited in the research to find the source of River Nile.
  • The historical museums in the Region such as Sanane project in Western port of Mwanza City at Nyamagana.
  • The game reserves such as Sanane Island that covers 95 hectares receives many tourists a year. Some of the tourists of this game reserve are students, Researchers from Europe and America, and Local tourist. Sanane Island game reserve is unique located within Lake Victoria – a couple of nautically kilometers from the Tilapia hotel.

2.6.2 Hotel Industry
Hotel industry in Mwanza of tourist calibre are still absent. Presently Tilapia hotel seems to attract many foreigners, Mwanza Hotel is mainly used by government officials and other local businessmen. Hotel Tilapia has 40 rooms while Mwanza Hotel has 50 rooms. The daily occupancy rate is about 80%.

To be continued:

3. ECONOMICAL INFRASTRUCTURE: Transport and Communication

4. INVESTMENT POTENTIALS IN MWANZA: Agriculture, Transport,  Telecommunication, Tourism, Education, Fishery, Mining